Iran is situated in a high altitude plateau in south-western Asia surrounded by connected ranges of mountains. As well as you can see high raised mountains and Caspian Hyrcanian jungles, also there are vast fantastic deserts in the middle and south east of Iran. Two well-known deserts of Iran are:
1. Dasht-e Kavir (Great Salt desert): is located between Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, Isfahan and Yazd Province. It is the largest desert in Iran, spread from Alborz range to the Central plateau and north-west of Lut Desert. Dasht-e Kavir is covered by sand and pebbles in most parts. It is about 800 km by 320 km with a total surface area of about 77,600 km2, making it the Earth’s 26th largest desert.
2. Lut Desert: is located between South Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Kerman Province; where large amount of sand is always moving southward forming sand hills.
Deserts of Iran are the most arid and hottest areas of the country and a part of Lut Desert is world-famous to be the hottest area! They stretch across the plateau; approximately one-sixth of the total area of Iran is desert. In general both deserts have strong sunshine, very little humidity, limited rainfall, very hot weather in summers, cold and dry weather in winters… In other words, the ecological conditions of Deserts of Iran are so severe in a way that they are not tolerable either in summer or winter.